Recipients of the Amory Prize
- Barbara J. Meyer, University of California, Berkeley, for her breakthrough solutions to long-standing mysteries about chromosomal expression and sex determination.
- Patrick C. Walsh, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, for research
and surgical innovation in the treatment of prostate cancer.
- Peter N. Goodfellow, SmithKline Beecham, Harlow, Essex, England, for pioneering
work on the genetic basis of male sex determination.
- Robin H. Lovell-Badge, MRC, National Institute for Medical Research, Mill
Hill, London, England, for pioneering work on the genetic basis of male sex determination.
- David C. Page, Whitehead Institute, MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts, for pioneering
work on the genetic basis of male sex determination.
- David L. Garbers, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas,
Texas, for discovery and identification of factors that regulate sperm function.
- Beatrice Mintz, The Institute for Cancer Research, Fox Chase, Philadelphia,
Pennsylvania, for contributions to reproductive biology and cell differentiation.
Henry Lardy, University of Wisconsin, for work on the metabolism and function
- Susumu Ohno, Division of Biology, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte,
California, for fundamental contributions to the biology of sex chromosomes and
Elwood Vernon Jensen, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, for pioneering
studies of the mode of action of estrogenic hormones.
Mary Frances Lyon, FRS, Head, Genetics Section, Medical Research Council
Radiobiology Unit, Harwell, England, for genetic discoveries relating to mammalian
Jean D. Wilson, University of Texas, Southwestern Medical School, Dallas,
Texas, for contributions to the understanding of androgenic hormones and their relation
to human disease.
Karl Sune Detlof Bergström, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden, for
work in elucidating the chemical structure of prostaglandins.
Min-Chueh Chang, Worcester Foundation for Experimental Biology, Worcester,
Massachusetts, for work in the physiology of reproduction and the capacitation of
Howard Guy Williams-Ashman, Ben May Laboratory for Cancer Research, University
of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, for his research in the biochemistry of reproduction
and the uncovering of novel biological macromolecule and enzymic processes.
Geoffrey Wingfield Harris, University of Oxford, England, for pioneering
work in the field of glandular physiology, particularly on the role of the brain
in regulating the functions of the pituitary gland, opening to research a vast new
field of neuroendocrinology.
Hans Henriksen Ussing, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, for important contributions
to renal and electrolyte physiology and for his ingenious studies on the transport
and hormonal regulation of sodium and water across isolated frog skin, which has
led to a new understanding of the transport processes that are basic to the functioning
of the human kidney.
J. Hartwell Harrison, David M. Hume and Joseph E. Murray, Peter
Bent Brigham Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, for their surgical finesse in developing
the technique of renal transplantation in humans.
John P. Merrill, Benjamin F. Miller, and George W. Thorn, Peter
Bent Brigham Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, for their imaginative handling of
the medical problems connected with the management of renal failure and kidney transplantation.
Harry Goldblatt and Eugene F. Poutasse, Mount Sinai Hospital, Cleveland,
Ohio, for their studies of renal ischemia and hypertension in humans and the development
Eugene M. Bricker and Justin J. Cordonnier, Washington University,
St. Louis, Missouri, for the suggestion, careful development, application, and evaluation
of urinary diversion by uretral transplantation to a segment of ileum.
Frederic E.B. Foley, Lowry Medical Arts Building, St. Paul, Minnesota, for
the development of surgical procedures and instruments that have contributed greatly
to the treatment of urological disease.
Choh Hao Li, University of California, Berkeley, California, for his work
on the relation of the anterior pituitary hormones to the maintenance and functioning
of the human reproductive organs.
Thaddeus R.R. Mann, Molteno Institute, University of Cambridge, Cambridge,
England, for his basic contributions to the rapidly expanding field of the biochemistry
of reproductive functions providing basic data stimulating research and clinical
Terence J. Millin, the Queen's Gate Clinic, London, England, for his valuable
contribution to surgery by devising and developing the technique of retropubic prostatectomy
for benign hyperplasia of the prostate and for adapting this technique to radical
prostatectomy and vesiculectomy for the cure of cancer of the prostate.
Warrenn O. Nelson, State University of Iowa, College of Medicine, Iowa City,
Iowa, for his penetrating studies of the structural relationships of the male sex
organs and of the factors that determine the functional activities of the various
Frederick J. Wallace, American Cystoscope Makers, Inc., New York, New York,
for his cooperation with the urological profession in developing diagnostic and
therapeutic instruments that have contributed materially to the technical advances
in this specialty.
Lawson Wilkins, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, in recognition
of his significant contributions to fundamental knowledge of growth and development
of secondary sex characteristics in men and his brilliant application of adrenal
cortical hormone to their management and treatment.
Alexander Benjamin Gutman, New York, New York, for his demonstration, aided
by his wife, E. B. Gutman, of the usefulness of serum acid phosphatase determination
in the diagnosis and management of patients with prostatic malignancy.
Charles Brenton Huggins, Chicago, Illinois, for his studies on the prostate
gland, on the influence of several hormones on prostatic secretion, and on the diagnosis
and treatment of cancer of the prostate that have brought relief to many men.
Willem Johan Kolff, Kampen, The Netherlands, for his development of an artificial
kidney in the treatment of patients with uremia and for his monograph describing
the construction of the apparatus, indications for its use, and observations on
Guy Frederic Marrian, Edinburgh, Scotland, for his research on the chemistry,
biochemistry, and metabolism of the steroid hormones affecting the activity of the
male and female generative tract, leading to important diagnostic and therapeutic
George Nicholas Papanicolaou, New York, New York, for his development of
exfoliative cytology and its application to rapid and simple methods of diagnosis
of cancer of the organs of the genitourinary tract.
Selman Abraham Waksman, New Brunswick, New Jersey, for his discovery of streptomycin,
an antibiotic agent that has proved to be of great value in the treatment of infections
common to the urinary passage.
Ernest Laqueur, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, for his contributions to the
physiological, pharmacological, and clinical knowledge of the male sex hormones,
and in particular for his investigations of sex hormones that resulted in the discovery
Joseph Francis McCarthy, New York, New York, for the development of instrumental
procedures for the examination, diagnosis, and treatment by way of the urethra of
certain diseases of the bladder, prostate, and related organs.
Carl Richard Moore, Chicago, Illinois, for his studies of the physiology
of spermatozoa and of the male reproductive tract of mammals. His work has demonstrated
important influences of hormonal secretions of the male sex glands on the behavior
of other components of the male reproductive apparatus.
Hugh Hampton Young, Baltimore, Maryland, for devising the operation of total
prostatectomy by the perineal approach. Through this technique, obstruction to the
outlet of the urinary bladder caused by cancer of the prostate gland is relieved
without interfering with the normal function of the bladder.