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Home > Governance of Dual-Use Tec... > List of Acronyms
Governance of Dual-Use Technologies: Theory and Practice

List of Acronyms

ABET Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology
ACM Association for Computer Machinery
AES Advanced Encryption Standard
AG Australia Group
ASM American Society of Microbiology
ATCSA Anti-Terrorism, Crime and Security Act
BMBL Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Laboratories
BRC biological resource centers
BWC Biological Weapons Convention
CAD computer-aided design
CAM computer-aided manufacturing
CBB Center for Biosecurity and Biopreparedness
CBMs confidence-building measures
CCL Commerce Control List
CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
CETR Centers of Excellence for Translational Research
CFAA Computer Fraud and Abuse Act
COBRAT Steering Committing on Biotechnological Research in an Age of Terrorism
CPPNM Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material
CRG Compliance Review Group
CTR Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction
DDOS distributed denial of service
DHS Department of Homeland Security
DOD Department of Defense
DU dual-use
DURC dual-use research of concern
EAA Export Administration Act
EC European Commission; European Council
ECPA Electronic Communications Privacy Act
EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
EU European Union
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigations
FESAP Federal Experts Security Advisory Panel
FTAC-SAR Fast Track Action Committee on Select Agent Regulations
FY fiscal year
GOF gain of function
GGE Group of Governmental Experts on Information, Telecommunications, and International Security
GMOs genetically modified organisms
HEU highly enriched uranium
HHS Department of Health and Human Services
HPAI highly pathogenic avian influenza
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
IAP InterAcademy Panel
IBC institutional biosafety committees
ICSANT International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism
ICT information and communications technology
IRB institutional review boards
IRE institutional review entity
IT information technology
ITAR International Traffic in Arms Regulations
KNAW Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences
LEU low enriched uranium
LOAC law of armed conflict
MERS Middle East respiratory syndrome
NAS National Academy of Sciences
NIH National Institutes of Health
NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology
NPT Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
NRC Nuclear Regulatory Commission
NSABB National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity
OECD Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development
PI primary investigator
PSI Proliferation Security Imitative
R&D research and development
RAC Recombinant DNA Advisory Committee
RCEs Regional Centers of Excellence
RDT&E research, development, test, and evaluation
SARS severe acute respiratory syndrome
SERCEB Southeast Regional Center of Excellence for Emerging Infections and Biodefense
UN United Nations
UNSCR UN Security Council Resolution
USCYBERCOM United States Cyber Command
USDA U.S. Department of Agriculture
USML United States Munitions List
WHO World Health Organization
WMD weapons of mass destruction
WOOT workshops on offensive technologies