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On Energy

House of the Academy, Cambridge, MA
May 8, 2013


Introduction

Richard A. Meserve became President of the Carnegie Institution for Science in 2003. He is former Chairman of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. He was a partner in the Washington, D.C., law firm Covington & Burling LLP and now serves on a part-time basis as Senior Of Counsel. Earlier in his career, he served as law clerk to Supreme Court Justice Harry A. Blackmun and as legal counsel to the President’s Science Adviser. He has served on and chaired numerous legal and scientific committees, including many convened by the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering. Among other activities, he is President of the Board of Overseers of Harvard University and Chairman of the International Nuclear Safety Group (chartered by the International Atomic Energy Agency). He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and serves as a member of its Council. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1994, and serves as a member of the Academy’s Council and Trust. He is also as a member of the Advisory Committee of the Academy’s Global Nuclear Future Initiative.
Video (7 mins)

On Energy

Steven Chu is returning to Stanford University as Professor of Physics, Molecular and Cellular Physiology and William R. Kenan, Jr., Professor of Humanities and Sciences. He was the twelfth U.S. Secretary of Energy, serving from January 2009 until April 2013. As Secretary of Energy, he began ARPA-E (Advanced Research Projects Agency–Energy), the Energy Innovation Hubs, and the Clean Energy Ministerial meetings and developed an improved methodology for setting federal appliances standards. During his tenure, the deployment of renewable energy doubled in the United States and solar energy deployment increased eight-fold. He was personally involved in recruiting a number of outstanding scientists and engineers to the Department of Energy. Recently, he has devoted much of his scientific career to the search for new solutions to our energy and climate challenges. He has also been active in atomic physics, quantum electronics, tests of fundamental theories in physics, the development of methods to laser cool and trap atoms, and atom interferometry. Using optical tweezers, he introduced methods to simultaneously visualize and manipulate single bio-molecules, and he continues to develop and apply optical methods to study the biological systems from the single molecule to cellular system levels. Prior to his appointment as Secretary of Energy, he was the Director of the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. He also taught at the University of California, Berkeley as a Professor of Physics and Professor of Molecular and Cell Biology. Previously, he held positions at Stanford University and AT&T Bell Laboratories. He is the co-recipient of the Nobel Prize for Physics (1997). He is a member the National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, the Royal Academy of Engineering, the Academia Sinica, and the Korean Academy of Sciences and Technology. He is an honorary member of the Institute of Physics and the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and a lifetime member of the Optical Society of America. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1992.
Video (1 hr)

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