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The Evolution of the Internet: Emerging Challenges and Opportunities

House of the Academy, Cambridge, MA
June 6, 2012

The Evolution of the Internet: Emerging Challenges and Opportunities

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Leslie Cohen Berlowitz is President and William T. Golden Chair of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She oversees the Academy’s five research areas: science and technology policy; global security; social policy and American institutions; the humanities and culture; and education. She established two residential fellowship programs for young scholars: the Hellman Fellowship in Science and Technology Policy and the Visiting Scholars Program. She was also a member of the committee that prepared the Academy’s 2008 report, ARISE: Advancing Research in Science and Engineering: Investing in Early-Career Scientists and High-Risk, High-Reward Research. Her publications include “Reflecting on the Humanities,” Dædalus (with Patricia Meyer Spacks, 2009); Restoring Trust in American Business (with Jay W. Lorsch and Andy Zelleke, 2005); Greenwich Village: Culture and Counterculture (with Richard Eric Beard, 1990); and America in Theory (with Denis Donoghue and Louis Menand, 1988). Before joining the Academy in 1996, she was Vice President for Academic Advancement at New York University. She currently serves as a member of the Public Sector Leadership Initiative Advisory Board of The Brookings Institution and the Massachusetts Women’s Forum. A Fellow of the American Academy, she was named an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters at Northeastern University in May 2011. Video (6 mins)
Phil Budden arrived in Boston in August 2007 to become Britain’s Consul General to New England, with broad responsibility for “promoting, defending and servicing British interests throughout the region.” Over the five years of his posting, he has transformed the British Consulate to focus on business development, with a particular emphasis on the high-tech sectors. To that end, he moved the Consulate into an MIT building (E.70, One Broadway) two years ago to be at the heart of this “hub of innovation,” where it is surrounded by the latest research and thinking about the technology challenges of the day. When his term as Consul ends, he will continue his research in Boston, then enter the private sector. Prior to this assignment, he was First Secretary at the British Embassy in Washington, D.C., where he was responsible for science, technology, and innovation work as well British-American business affairs and transatlantic relations. His diplomatic career has also included postings in London (both in the Foreign Office and in the European Secretariat, which advises prime ministers on strategy) and to the British Embassy in Vienna. Video (7 mins)
Tom Leighton is Cofounder and Chief Scientist of Akamai Technologies and Professor of Applied Mathematics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. As a leading authority on algorithms for network applications, he established Akamai to alleviate Web congestion through the creation of the world’s largest distributed computing platform that dynamically routes content and applications across a network of servers. He holds numerous patents involving cryptography, digital rights management, and algorithms for networks. He has served on dozens of governmental, industrial, and academic review committees; program committees; and editorial boards. From 2003 to 2005, he served on the President’s Technology Advisory Committee. He has published more than one hundred research papers and is the author of a leading text on parallel algorithms and architectures. He helped initiate the Academy’s study on Protecting the Internet as a Public Commons. He is a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2003 and serves as a member of the Academy’s Trust. Video (6 mins)
Sir Tim Berners-Lee, a Fellow of both the American Academy and the Royal Society since 2001, is the 3COM Founders Professor of Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He holds a joint appointment in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at the Laboratory for Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence at MIT, where he also heads the Decentralized Information Group. He invented the World Wide Web in 1989 while working at CERN, the European Particle Physics Laboratory in Geneva, Switzerland. He wrote the first Web client and server in 1990. His specifications of URIs, HTTP, and HTML were refined as Web technology spread. He is the Director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), a Web standards organization founded in 1994 that develops interoperable technologies (specifications, guidelines, software, and tools) to lead the Web to its full potential. He is also a Director of the World Wide Web Foundation, launched in 2009 to coordinate efforts to further the potential of the Web to benefit humanity. His awards include the Japan Prize, the Prince of Asturias Foundation Prize, the Millennium Technology Prize, and Germany’s Die Quadriga award. He was knighted by H.M. Queen Elizabeth in 2004 and was awarded the Order of Merit in 2007. He is foreign associate of the National Academy of Sciences. Video (25 mins)
David D. Clark, a Fellow of the American Academy since 2002, is a Senior Research Scientist at the Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory at MIT. He served as Chief Protocol Architect in the development of the Internet and was an early implementer of Internet protocols. His technical work includes enhancements to the Internet to carry telephone and video traffic. His current research looks at redefining the architectural underpinnings of the Internet and the relation of technology and architecture to economic, societal, and policy considerations. Specific topics include the implications of cyberspace for theories of international relations, data gathering and analysis in support of regulatory rule-making, and models of industry structure for an evolving Internet. He is helping the U.S. National Science Foundation organize its Future Internet Architecture program. In 2011, he received the Oxford Internet Institute Lifetime Achievement Award. Video (23 mins)

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