The Academy undertakes studies to explore how the international community can devise
new cooperative structures to improve global security and employ science and technology
to enhance the human condition. The Academy's longstanding
Committee on International Security Studies addresses how globalization
is impacting social, economic, environmental, and technological transformations
and prospects for peace.
Other Science, Technology, and Global Security projects draw on the Academy's unique
mix of scientists, humanists, social scientists, lawyers, and others to analyze
the international impact of rapid developments in science and technology; suggest
approaches to governing those transformations; and formulate a broader understanding
of the social implications of these advances. These activities are grouped under
the Initiative for Science,
Engineering, and Technology. Launched in 2006, this major Academy initiative
explores how science and technology are changing, how to help the public understand
those changes, and how society can better adapt to those changes.
Current Program Activities:
- The Alternative Energy
Future: Legal, Social, and Economic Considerations: Population growth, the growth
of the global economy, and the threat of global climate change call for a renewed
focus on energy sources that have a reduced carbon footprint. The American Academy
is undertaking a comprehensive consideration of the legal, social, and economic
issues surrounding the alternative energy future.
- The Global Nuclear
Future: This project seeks to generate an integrated set of policy recommendations
for balancing the growing global demand for civilian nuclear power with the need
to promote nuclear security and strengthen the nuclear nonproliferation regime.
- International Agreements
on Internet Protection: This study will examine the technical and political
feasibility of international agreements to limit cyberattacks.
- Protecting the Internet
as a Public Commons: Free and unrestricted public use of the Internet involves
the fundamental building blocks of Internet communication – trust, identity, power,
and control. This project considers the social, political, economic, legal, and
technical factors that affect the evolving design of the Internet.
- The Role of Academia,
Industry, and Government in the 21st Century (ARISE II): The cyclical nature
of federal funding, the specialized goals of industry, and global competition pose
risks to the vitality of science and technology research at American universities.
The Academy is investigating the sustainability and systemic effects of current
funding and conflict of interest policies of science, engineering, and medicine
Past Projects and Publications
- Alternative Models
for the Federal Funding of Science: With the United States’ preeminence in science,
engineering, and technology being challenged in the new global economy, the Academy
assembled a panel of experts to examine current science funding policies, mechanisms,
and processes, and to recommend strategies for maximizing the impact of federal
dollars. U.S. Policy Toward Russia : This project sought to develop a new post-cold
war U.S. policy toward Russia that is comprehensive, coherent, and well-integrated
within overall U.S. foreign policy.
- Countering Corruption
in Nation-States: What is corruption? How does it work? Why does it matter?
This project examined these questions and investigated the link between corruption
and political and economic transformation, as well as the effects of corruption
in the larger international setting.
- Reconsidering the
Rules of Space: This study examined the global security implications of expanding
commercial and military uses of space, and considered international rules and principles
needed to maintain a balanced use of space over the long term. International Security
in the Post-Soviet Space : This series of studies explored issues affecting international
security in the former Soviet states.
- Science in the Liberal
Arts Curriculum: Less than one-third of American undergraduates major in the
natural sciences, mathematics, or engineering. This project examines the goals of
science requirements for nonscientists, and how students fulfill those requirements,
in an effort to inform curriculum policies at higher education institutions.
- U.S. Policy Toward Russia: This project sought to develop a new
post-cold war U.S. policy toward Russia that is comprehensive, coherent, and well-integrated
within overall U.S. foreign policy.