The World’s Energy Problem and What We Can Do About It
Stated Meeting, Berkeley, CA
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Tuesday, November 20, 2007
Robert J. Birgeneau (6 min.) became the ninth
Chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley in 2004. An internationally
distinguished physicist, he is a leader in higher education and is well known for
his commitment to diversity and equity in the academic community. Before coming
to Berkeley, Birgeneau served for four years as President of the University of Toronto.
He previously was Dean of the School of Science at the Massachusetts Institute of
Technology, where he spent 25 years on the faculty. He is a foreign associate of
the National Academy of Sciences, has received many awards for teaching and research,
and is among the most cited physicists in the world for his work on the fundamental
properties of materials. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts
& Sciences in 1987 and was honored with the Academy’s Founders Award in 2006.
Steven Chu (60 min.) became the sixth Director of
the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in 2004. He is also Professor of Physics
and Professor of Molecular and Cell Biology at the University of California, Berkeley.
In 1978, he joined the technical staff at AT&T Bell Laboratories, where he became
the head of the Quantum Electronics Department and began his groundbreaking work
in cooling and trapping atoms by using laser light. In 1987 he joined the faculty
of Stanford University, where he became the Theodore and Francis Geballe Professor
of Physics and Applied Physics in 1990. In 1997, he shared the Nobel Prize in Physics
with Claude Cohen-Tannoudji of France and William D. Phillips of the United States.
Their discoveries, focusing on the so-called "optical tweezers" laser trap, were
instrumental in the study of fundamental phenomena and in measuring important physical
quantities with unprecedented precision. He most recently cochaired an international
InterAcademy Council study, "Lighting the Way: Toward a Sustainable Energy Future."
A member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society,
the Academia Sinica, and a foreign member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and
of the Korean Academy of Science and Engineering, he was elected a Fellow of the
American Academy of Arts & Sciences in 1992.
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