Nearly all of the 190 signatories to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation
Treaty (NPT) agree that the forty-two-year-old treaty is fragile and in need of
fundamental reform. But gaining consensus on how to fix the NPT will require reconciling
the sharply differing views of nuclear weapon states and non-nuclear weapon states.
Strengthening the international rules is increasingly important as dozens of countries,
including some with unstable political environments, explore nuclear energy. The
result is an ever-increasing distribution of this technology.
In this volume, Steven E. Miller (Harvard University), Codirector of the Academy’s
Global Nuclear Future (GNF) Initiative, outlines the main points of contention within
the NPT regime and identifies the issues that have made reform so difficult. How
these deep divergences can be managed, minimized, or overcome is a crucial question
for the future—and a focus of the American Academy’s GNF project.
For more than five decades, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences has played
an integral role in nonproliferation studies, beginning with a special issue of
Dædalus on arms control published in 1960. Today, the GNF Initiative is
examining the safety, security, and nonproliferation implications of the global
spread of nuclear energy. Through innovative scholarship and behind-thescenes interactions
with international leaders and stakeholders, the Initiative is developing pragmatic
recommendations for managing the emerging nuclear order.
The GNF Initiative is supported in part by grants from Carnegie Corporation of New
York, The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur
Foundation, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Flora Family Foundation, and Fred
Kavli and the Kavli Foundation. The Academy is grateful to these supporters and
to the principal investigators for the Initiative: Steven E. Miller, codirector;
Scott D. Sagan, codirector (Stanford University); Robert Rosner, senior advisor
(University of Chicago); and Stephen M. Goldberg, research coordinator (Argonne
National Laboratory). I want to express my thanks to the authors for advancing the
work of the Initiative.
President and William T. Golden Chair
American Academy of Arts and Sciences