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Meeting the Challenges of the New Nuclear Age: U.S. and Russian Nuclear Concepts, Past and Present


Alexei Arbatov is a full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He leads the Center for International Security at the Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences, where he was once a department head and a research fellow. Formerly, he was a Scholar-in-Residence and the Chair of the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Nonproliferation Program, member of the State Duma representing the Russian United Democratic Party (Yabloko), and Deputy Chairman of the Duma Defense Committee. He is a member of numerous boards and councils, including the Scientific Advisory Council of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Board of Directors of the Nuclear Threat Initiative, the advisory boards of the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies, and the Russian Council for Foreign and Defense Policy. He is a Vice President of the International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastrophe. Arbatov is the author of several books and numerous articles and papers on matters related to global security, strategic stability, disarmament, Russian military reform, and various current domestic and foreign political issues.

Linton Brooks served from July 2002 to January 2007 as Administrator of the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration, responsible for the U.S. nuclear weapons program and for the Department of Energy’s international nuclear nonproliferation programs. In the early 1990s, he served as Chief U.S. Negotiator for the first Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty. Ambassador Brooks has over five decades of experience in national security, much of it associated with nuclear weapons, including service as Assistant Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, Director of Defense Programs and Arms Control on the National Security Council staff, and a number of Navy and Defense Department assignments. As a Navy submarine officer, he served on four nuclear-weapons capable ships. Ambassador Brooks is now an independent consultant on national security, a Senior Advisor at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, a Distinguished Research Fellow at the National Defense University, a member of the National Academy of Sciences’ Committee on International Security and Arms Control, a member of the Board of Managers that oversees the operations of the Sandia National Laboratories, and an advisor to five other Department of Energy national laboratories.

Francis J. Gavin is the Giovanni Agnelli Distinguished Professor and the inaugural Director of the Henry A. Kissinger Center for Global Affairs at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced and International Studies (SAIS). In 2013, he was appointed the first Frank Stanton Chair in Nuclear Security Policy Studies and Professor of Political Science at MIT. Before joining MIT, he was the Tom Slick Professor of International Affairs and the Director of the Robert S. Strauss Center for International Security and Law at the University of Texas. From 2005 until 2010, he directed The American Assembly’s multiyear, national initiative, The Next Generation Project: U.S. Global Policy and the Future of International Institutions. He is the author of Gold, Dollars, and Power: The Politics of International Monetary Relations, 1958–1971 (University of North Carolina Press, 2004) and Nuclear Statecraft: History and Strategy in America’s Atomic Age (Cornell University Press, 2012). Gavin received a Ph.D. and M.A. in Diplomatic History from the University of Pennsylvania, a Master of Studies in Modern European History from Oxford University, and a B.A. in Political Science from the University of Chicago. Gavin is a Senior Fellow of the Clements Program in History, Strategy, and Statecraft, a Distinguished Scholar at the Robert S. Strauss Center, a Senior Advisor to the Nuclear Proliferation International History Project at the Woodrow Wilson Center, and a life member of the Council on Foreign Relations.