Since the mid-twentieth century, the professionalization of our disciplines has been a hallmark of higher education in general and the research university in particular. Despite the repeated calls over the past twenty-five years for a renewal of the civic mission of higher education,1 professionalization continues to hold tenacious sway and is largely understood to contradict the purposes and practices of public scholarship, which, in turn, is dismissed under the demoralizing rubric of service or the paternalistic rubric of outreach. It is only too clear that “there has been a weakening of the informal compact between the university and society,” as the historian Thomas Bender points out in his invaluable essay on the American university from 1945 to 1995.2 If some twenty years ago it could be asserted in the Report from the National Task Force on Scholarship and the Public Humanities that the humanities “are valuable for their own sake and the nation must support and sustain scholarship because that enriches the common fund of knowledge,”3 today the notion of the . . .
- 1See, for example, the important work of Campus Compact, founded in 1985 to press for the intertwined values of service learning and the responsibilities of citizenship; Ernest Boyer’s influential writing from the 1990s on the scholarship of engagement; and LEAP (Liberal Education and America’s Promise), the decade-long initiative, begun in 2005, of the American Association of Colleges and Universities to underscore the importance of a liberal education, a primary value of which is civic knowledge and engagement. In 2006 the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching announced a new classification that institutions of higher education could elect to adopt: community engagement.
- 2Thomas Bender, “Politics, Intellect, and the American University, 1945–1995,” Dædalus 126 (1) (Winter 1997): 3.
- 3James Quay and James Veninga, “Making Connections: The Humanities, Culture and the Community,” National Task Force on Scholarship and the Public Humanities (New York: American Council of Learned Societies, 1990), 2.