The Case for Enlarging the House of Representatives


It may not have taken 435 people, but much like the bills that come before the House of Representatives, this report benefited from deliberation, compromise, consultations with experts, and a dedicated staff whose names are not featured on the cover.

We appreciate the help of a wide variety of thought partners who we met with to discuss the issue of House enlargement, many of whom also provided their feedback on drafts of the report: Kim Alexander, Dan Bouk, danah boyd, Kathryn Piper Crespin, Carlos Curbelo, Moon Duchin, Landon Glover, Kevin Kosar, John Lawrence, Laura Maristany, Ruth Bloch Rubin, and Matthew Shugart.

Thank you, as well, to the members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences’ Commission on the Practice of Democratic Citizenship, particularly cochairs Danielle Allen, Stephen Heintz, and Eric Liu, for their work on the Our Common Purpose report, their guidance, and their continuing efforts to implement all thirty-one recommendations, including the recommendation to enlarge the House.

This report and the Academy’s work on Our Common Purpose are generously supported by the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, the Ford Foundation, the William and Flora Hew­lett Foundation, David M. Rubenstein, Alan Dachs and Lauren Dachs, Joan and Irwin Jacobs, the Lubin Family Foundation and Sara Lee Schupf, the Suzanne Nora Johnson and David G. Johnson Foundation, the S. D. Bechtel, Jr. Foundation, and the Clary Family.

A final, major thank you to the staff and leadership of the American Academy who helped make this report possible: President David Oxtoby; Katherine Gagen, Darshan Goux, Jessica Lieberman, Tania Munz, Peter Robinson, and Liza Youngling on the program staff; Phyllis Bendell, Scott Raymond, Peter Walton, and Heather Struntz on the publications team; as well as the Academy’s development department and other departments that helped support the work of the report and the Academy’s efforts to help reinvent American democracy.

House of Representatives