Andrew Fielding Huxley
Cellular and Developmental Biology
International Honorary Member
During World War II, worked in operational research on antiaircraft and navel gunnery (under P.M.S. Blackett). After War, research on conduction in nerve, showing ionic basis (with A.L. Hodgkin, Nobel Prize 1963) and saltatory conduction in myelinated fibres (with R. Stampfli); on muscle contraction (with several collaborators), showing sliding-filament basis, inward conduction along tubular system, force proportional to overlap of filaments, transient responses to quick stretch and release, kinetic theory contraction. Designed ultramicrotome and micromanipulator; designed and built much of apparatus for own research.