Michael Eliot Howard
Professor Sir Michael Eliot Howard is a a retired British military historian, formerly Chichele Professor of the History of War and Regius Professor of Modern History at Oxford University, and Robert A. Lovett Professor of Military and Naval History at Yale University, and emeritus fellow at All Souls College. His research has centered on the development of warfare in Europe and the United States since the Renaissance, with special focus on the 19th and 20th centuries in the context of social organization and technological change. This had particular reference to the development of nuclear weapons and theories of deterrence during the Cold War. Howard helped found the Department of War Studies and the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives at King's College London. He is currently president emeritus of the International Institute for Strategic Studies, which he also helped to establish, and a fellow of the British Academy. Sir Michael was knighted in 1986 and was appointed to the Order of the Companions of Honour in 2002 and the Order of Merit in 2005. His work has led to notable awards such as the Wolfson Foundation History Award, Chesney Memorial Gold Medal, and NATO Atlantic Award.