About the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Russian Academy of SciencesBack to table of contents
About the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences
American Academy of Arts & Sciences
Cherishing Knowledge, Shaping the Future
Since its founding in 1780, the American Academy has served the nation as a champion of scholarship, civil dialogue, and useful knowledge.
As one of the nation’s oldest learned societies and independent policy research centers, the Academy convenes leaders from the academic, business, and government sectors to address critical challenges facing our global society.
Through studies, publications, and programs on Science, Engineering, and Technology; Global Security and International Affairs; the Humanities, Arts, and Culture; Education and the Development of Knowledge; and American Institutions, Society, and the Public Good, the Academy provides authoritative and nonpartisan policy advice to decision-makers in government, academia, and the private sector.
The Russian Academy of Sciences
The Russian Academy of Sciences was established by order of Emperor Peter I by decree of the governing Senate of January 28 (February 8), 1724. It was recreated by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of November 21, 1991, as the highest scientific institution in Russia. The Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS) is a state academy of sciences, an organization of science that conducts scientific management of scientific research in the Russian Federation, a legal entity and a non-profit organization created in the form of a federal state budgetary institution. The Academy comprises more than 1,000 scientific institutes and research centers, employing 40,000 researchers. Its governing body includes the President, Presidium, and General Assembly, consisting of 860 full members (academicians) and 1,100 corresponding members of the Academy. In addition, the RAS has 470 foreign honorary members. On the territory of the Russian Federation, the Russian Academy of Sciences is the assignee of the USSR Academy of Sciences. The Academy is the assignee of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences and the Russian Academy of Agricultural Sciences.