Reconsidering the Rules for Space Security


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Nancy W. Gallagher and John David Steinbruner
Reconsidering the Rules of Space

The Reconsidering the Rules for Space Security project is a collaboration between the Center for International and Security Studies at the University of Maryland (CISSM) and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences’s Committee on International Security Studies (CISS). Over the past six years, CISSM and CISS commissioned a series of working papers and organized workshops to help the authors better understand the diverse technical, economic, legal, political, and strategic issues that shape space security. Martin Malin and Paul MacDonald organized the CISS side of the Reconsidering the Rules for Space Security project, and Jeffrey Lewis, Jaganath Sankaran, and Maranda Sorrells provided invaluable assistance on the CISSM side. This monograph represents our effort to integrate insights gained from this collaborative endeavor with the results of an intensive research program con- ducted at CISSM during the same time period.

We are particularly grateful to David Wright, Laura Grego, and Lisbeth Gronlund for writing The Physics of Space Security as a companion to this monograph intended to help anyone who is interested in space security but lacks a scientific background to understand the physical laws and technical facts that shape what is possible and what is desirable to do in space. We also benefited greatly from working papers by the following individuals: Nina Tannenwald on the High Seas analogy and its relevance to a rule-based regime for Outer Space; Ram Jakhu on legal issues associated with space security; Hui Zhang, Pavel Podvig, and Xavier Pasco on Chinese, Russian, and European perspectives; Neal Lane and George Abbey on challenges and opportunities for commercial and civilian space users; and David Mosher and Steve Fetter on the limits of using space to solve key military problems.

A number of people took the time to review earlier drafts of this monograph. We would especially like to thank John Logsdon, John Rhinelander, John Pike, Michael Moore, Henry Herzfield, Marcia Smith, Peter Hays, and Karl Mueller for their detailed comments and constructive efforts to help us communicate effectively to a readership that we hope will be very diverse in their knowledge of, and attitudes toward, the issues covered in this work. Naturally, differences of interpretation and emphasis remain, and we take full responsibility for the ideas expressed in this monograph.

Finally, we would like to gratefully acknowledge the financial and intellectual support provided by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation and the Carnegie Corporation of New York, without which, none of this would have been possible.