Using Imaging to Identify Deceit: Scientific and Ethical Questions


Back to table of contents
Emilio Bizzi, Steven E. Hyman, Marcus E. Raichle, Nancy Kanwisher, Elizabeth Anya Phelps, Stephen J. Morse, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, Jed S. Rakoff, and Henry T. Greely

Emilio Bizzi is President of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he has been a member of the faculty since 1969. He is a neuroscientist whose research focuses on movement control and the neural substrate for motor learning. He is also a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a Fellow of the National Academy of Sciences, a member of the Institute of Medicine, and a member of the Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei. He was awarded the President of Italy’s Gold Medal for Scientific Contributions.

Henry T. Greely is the Deane F. and Kate Edelman Johnson Professor of Law and Professor, by courtesy, of Genetics at Stanford University. He specializes in legal and social issues arising from advances in the biosciences. He chairs the California Advisory Committee on Human Stem Cell Research and directs the Stanford Center for Law and the Biosciences. He is a member of the executive committee of the Neuroethics Society and is a co-director of the Law and Neuroscience Project. He graduated from Stanford University in 1974 and from Yale Law School in 1977. He served as a law clerk for Judge John Minor Wisdom of the United States Court of Appeals and for Justice Potter Stewart of the United States Supreme Court. He began teaching at Stanford in 1985.

Steven E. Hyman is Provost of Harvard University and Professor of Neurobiology at Harvard Medical School. From 1996 to 2001, he served as Director of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), the component of the U.S. National Institutes of Health charged with generating the knowledge needed to understand and treat mental illness. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He is Editor of the Annual Review of Neuroscience.

Nancy Kanwisher is the Ellen Swallow Richard Professor in the Department of Brain & Cognitive Sciences at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and Investigator at MIT’s McGovern Institute for Brain Research. She held a MacArthur Fellowship in Peace and International Security after receiving her Ph.D. She then served for several years as a faculty member of the psychology departments at the University of California, Los Angeles and Harvard University. Her research concerns the cognitive and neural mechanisms underlying visual experience, using fMRI and other methods. She received a Troland Research Award from the National Academy of Sciences in 1999, a MacVicar Faculty Fellow Teaching Award from MIT in 2002, and the Golden Brain Award from the Minerva Foundation in 2007. She was elected a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 2005, and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2009.

Stephen J. Morse is Ferdinand Wakeman Hubbell Professor of Law and Professor of Psychology and Law in Psychiatry at the University of Pennsylvania. Trained in both law and psychology at Harvard, he is an expert in criminal and mental health law. His work emphasizes individual responsibility and the relation of the behavioral and neurosciences to responsibility and social control. He is currently Legal Coordinator of the MacArthur Foundation Law and Neuroscience Project and he co-directs the Project’s Research Network on Criminal Responsibility and Prediction. He is currently working on a book, Desert and Disease: Responsibility and Social Control. He is a founding director of the Neuroethics Society, and prior to joining the Penn faculty, he was the Orrin B. Evans Professor of Law, Psychiatry and the Behavioral Sciences at the University of Southern California.

Elizabeth A. Phelps received her Ph.D. from Princeton University in 1989, served on the faculty of Yale University until 1999, and is currently the Silver Professor of Psychology and Neural Science at New York University. Her laboratory has earned widespread acclaim for its groundbreaking research on how the human brain processes emotion, particularly as it relates to learning, memory, and decision making. Dr. Phelps is the recipient of the 21st Century Scientist Award from the James S. McDonnell Foundation and a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Society for Experimental Psychology. She has served on the Board of Directors of the Association for Psychological Science and the Society for Neuroethics, was the President of the Society for Neuroeconomics, and is the current editor of the APA journal Emotion.

Marcus E. Raichle, a neurologist, is Professor of Radiology and Neurology at Washington University in St. Louis. He heads a pioneering team investigating brain function using positron emission tomography (PET) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to map the functional organization of the human brain in health and disease. He joined the faculty of Washington University in 1971, ascending to the rank of professor in 1979. He received a bachelors and a medical degree from University of Washington in Seattle. His many honors include election to the Institute of Medicine in 1991, to the National Academy of Sciences in 1996, and to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1998.

Jed S. Rakoff is a United States District Judge for the Southern District of New York. He also serves on the Governance Board of the MacArthur Foundation Project on Law and Neuroscience, and on the National Academies’ Committee to Prepare the Third Edition of the Federal Judges’ Manual on Scientific Evidence. He has a B.A. from Swarthmore College, an M.Phil. from Oxford University, and a J.D. from Harvard Law School.

Walter Sinnott-Armstrong is Professor of Philosophy and Hardy Professor of Legal Studies at Dartmouth College, where he has taught since 1981 after receiving a B.A. from Amherst College and a Ph.D. from Yale University. He is currently Vice Chair of the Board of Officers of the American Philosophical Association and Co-Director of the MacArthur Law and Neuroscience Program. He has published extensively on ethics (theoretical and applied), philosophy of law, epistemology, philosophy of religion, and informal logic. His current research focuses on empirical moral psychology as well as law and neuroscience.