Figure

I-03d: Two Measures of the Literacy Performance Gap between the United States and Other International Jurisdictions, 2015

* At the 5% significance level.

Source: Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), OECD Data Explorer, http://pisadataexplorer.oecd.org/ide/idepisa/, accessed 2/23/2017. Data analyzed and presented by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences’ Humanities Indicators (www.humanitiesindicators.org).

“The Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) is an international assessment that measures 15-year-old students' reading, mathematics, and science literacy every three years. First conducted in 2000, the major domain of study rotates between reading, mathematics, and science in each cycle. PISA also includes measures of general or cross-curricular competencies, such as collaborative problem solving. By design, PISA emphasizes functional skills that students have acquired as they near the end of compulsory schooling. PISA is coordinated by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), an intergovernmental organization of industrialized countries, and is conducted in the United States by NCES. Data collection for the most recent assessment was completed in Fall 2015.” (Excerpted from the National Center for Education Statistics’ online PISA overview).

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