I-05b: History Achievement of Fourth and 12th Graders as Measured by the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1994 and 2010

* Value statistically significantly different (p < .05) from 2010.

** Accommodations not permitted for English language learners and students with disabilities; such accommodations permitted in later years.

Source: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress, The Nation’s Report Card: U.S. History 2010, NCES 2011-468 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2011), 2 fig. C.

Although it was introduced later and is given less frequently than the reading assessment (see the indicators under the topics “Trends in Basic Reading Skills among School-Age Children” and “Reading Proficiency as Compared with that in Science and Math”), the NAEP for U.S. history also supplies data describing change over time in students’ knowledge of a core humanities subject. (For information on state policies regarding the teaching of history at the precollegiate level, consult the National History Education Clearinghouse’s Fall 2011 update to its 2010 Report on the State of History Education.) The NAEP history scores are reported here by achievement level. For an explanation of the achievement scale and detailed information about the competencies associated with each achievement level, see For readers interested in detailed tabulations of student scores by gender and race/ethnicity, as well as their changes over time, the NAEP report card provides an interactive tool at

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