I-22b: Gender Distribution of K–12 Teachers,* by Main Teaching Assignment, 2017–2018

* Includes regular full- and part-time teachers, itinerant teachers, and long-term substitutes in both public and private schools.
** General education includes early childhood or pre-K, elementary grades, middle grades, and special education.

Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), National Teacher and Principal Survey, “Public School Teacher and Private School Teacher Data Files,” 2017–18. Data analyzed by NCES staff at the request of the Humanities Indicators. Special thanks to Julia Merlin at NCES for her generous assistance. Data presented by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences’ Humanities Indicators (

Personnel included in the humanities teacher count are those whose main teaching assignment was in area or ethnic studies, art history, civics, communication, composition, English, English as a second language or bilingual education, government, history, language arts, languages other than English, literature or literary criticism, Native American studies, philosophy, or reading.

Not included in the count are what the National Teacher and Principal Survey refers to as “general” educators in the elementary and middle grades who spent a portion of their time teaching language arts, reading, history, and other humanities material.

Back to Humanities Indicators