II-10b: Postsecondary Enrollments in the Most Commonly Taken Language Courses (Other than English), 1960–2013

* Data not collected prior to 1990.
Source: Modern Language Association (MLA), Language Enrollment Database,, accessed 3/28/2016. For a description of the survey by which the MLA data were collected, see David Goldberg, Dennis Looney, and Natalia Lusin, Enrollments in Languages Other than English in United States Institutions of Higher Education, Fall 2013 (New York: Modern Language Association, Association of Departments of Foreign Languages, 2015).

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