II-10f: Postsecondary Enrollments in Less Commonly Taken “Critical Need” Language Courses,* 1965–2013

* As designated by the Critical Language Scholarship (CLS) Program of the U.S. Department of State. For a description of the program, see
** Total of Dari, Farsi, and Tajik, per definition at CLS site:

Source: Modern Language Association (MLA), Language Enrollment Database,, accessed 3/28/2016. For a description of the survey by which the MLA data were collected, see David Goldberg, Dennis Looney, and Natalia Lusin, Enrollments in Languages Other than English in United States Institutions of Higher Education, Fall 2013 (New York: Modern Language Association, Association of Departments of Foreign Languages, 2015).

This table charts enrollment trends for the most commonly taken languages identified in 2006 by the George W. Bush administration as “critical need” from a national security standpoint.

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