Figure

II-31a: Average Level of Graduate Education Debt Accumulated by Doctorate Recipients, Selected Academic Fields, 2002–2014 (Adjusted for Inflation)

Source: American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Humanities Indicators (humanitiesindicators.org). For years 2002–2006, debt estimates obtained from the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) at the University of Chicago: Doctorate Recipients from United States Universities: Summary Report (Chicago: NORC, 2003–2007). For years 2007–2008: National Science Foundation, Directorate for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences, Division of Science Resources Statistics, Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities: Summary Report 2007–08, NSF10-309 (Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation, 2009), tables 23 and S-23. For 2009: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities: 2009, NSF 11-306 (Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation, 2010), table 35. For 2010: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities: 2010, NSF 12-305 (Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation, 2011), table 38. For 2011: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities: 2011, NSF 13-301 (Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation, 2012), table 38. For 2012: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities: 2012, NSF 14-305 (Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation, 2013), table 38. For 2013: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities: 2013, NSF 15-304 (Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation, 2014), table 38. For 2014: National Science Foundation, National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, Doctorate Recipients from U.S. Universities: 2014, NSF 16-300 (Arlington, VA: National Science Foundation, 2015), table 38. The adjustment for inflation was made using the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U).

The data on which this indicator is based are collected as part of the federal Survey of Earned Doctorates, which relies on information reported by doctoral students at the time they earn their degree.

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