V-05b: Percentage of Americans 18 Years or Older Who Read a Novel, Short Story, Poem, or Play in the Previous 12 Months,* by Gender and Education Level, 1982–2017

* Other than for work or school.

Source: National Endowment for the Arts, Survey of Public Participation in the Arts. Data analyzed and presented by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences’ Humanities Indicators (

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