Clare Lockhart is co-founder and CEO of the Institute for State Effectiveness, established to develop and implement new approaches to building effective states and markets in the world’s 40 to 60 most unstable countries. In 2001, she helped prepare the peace agreement for Afghanistan and then lived in Afghanistan for several years, designing the national strategy and nationwide programs as adviser to the Afghan government. Previously, she managed a program on institutions at the World Bank and practiced as a human rights barrister. She has degrees from Oxford University, Harvard University, and the Inns of Court School of Law. She has written extensively on state-building.