Finding Aid |
1780-1791

RG I-B-1: General records. Letterbooks — Bound. Volume 01

Letters and other documents received by the American Academy from Members, other learned societies and institutions, and the general public during its first decade, from 1780 to 1791.

ADMINISTRATIVE INFORMATION

 

Historical Note

The Academy has received letters, announcements, and other forms of correspondence since the founding in 1780. All such correspondence was the responsibility of the Corresponding Secretary, one of the original officers of the Academy. Beginning sometime in the late 1800s, incoming letters were pasted into bound scrapbooks, which the Academy referred to as “letterbooks.” This practice continued until 1988, when staff began saving correspondence in folders.

For the time period covered by Volume 1, the Presidents of the Academy were James Bowdoin (1780-1790) and John Adams (1791-1814). The Corresponding Secretaries were Joseph Willard (1780-1789) and Eliphalet Pearson (1789-1802).

Scope and Content

The series of letterbooks in its entirety includes letters from newly-elected Fellows, formally accepting their elections; communications with other learned societies (especially, invitations to attend meetings or send representatives to official events, and offers to exchange publications); correspondence concerning gifts of books, maps, and natural history specimens; and inquiries from members and non-members regarding the submission and publication of articles.

Volume 1 contains letters and other documents received by the American Academy during its first decade, from 1780 to 1791. Some of this incoming correspondence pertains to the election of members and other administrative duties. A significant portion concerns scientific research on a wide range of topics including natural science, mortality, and meteorology. Scientific information was submitted in the form of descriptions of experiments, observations of natural phenomenon, reports and speeches, specimens and samples, maps and sketches, and data sets. Other topics in this letterbook are Academy publications, financial matters, donations to the Academy library, notices of member deaths, and general commentary on news and events.

Volume

1 volume contained within 1.5 document cases, Boxes 0284.1-0284.2 (0.75 linear feet)

Arrangement

The Academy has begun disbinding the volumes and conserving the individual letters, and will continue that practice until all letters are in stable condition.

The letterbooks in Series I-B-1 are arranged numerically by volume number. Within each volume, the original order of the pages has been retained. Generally the records are arranged in chronological order. Pages numbered with a “v” indicate that the document was pasted to the verso of the preceding page, and normally relates to document on the following page.

Preferred Citation

[Item title, date]. RG I-B-1: General records. Letterbooks — Bound. Volume 1, 1780-1791. Archives, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Languages

English
French
Latin

Subjects

Agriculture
Astronomy
Book donations
Exchange of publications
Learned institutions and societies—America
Learned institutions and societies—Publishing
Letter books
Meteorology
Public health
Science—History

ITEM LIST

Page 01-05

Letter from Ebenezer Hazard to James Bowdoin, 1780 July 8; Jamaica Plain.

Congratulates Bowdoin on founding of Academy; forwards natural history specimens.

Creator:  Hazard, Ebenezer, 1744-1817; Elected 1781

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Page 01-06

Letter from Ebenezer Hazard to James Bowdoin, 1780 August 10; Jamaica Plain.

Describes collecting of specimen of Lapis Calaminaris.

Creator:  Hazard, Ebenezer, 1744-1817; Elected 1781

Image:  /archive/images/001002.001.jpg

Transcription

Page 01-06

Letter from James Bowdoin to Ebenezer Hazard, 1780 August 31; Boston.

Thanks for specimen.

Creator:  Bowdoin, James, 1726-1790; Charter Member

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Page 01-06v

Letter from Samuel Mather to [James Bowdoin], [1780 November 6].

Compiled list of rules of other learned societies.

Creator:  Mather, Samuel, 1706-1785; Charter Member
Related documents:  Volume 01, p. 7

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Page 01-07

Letter from Samuel Mather to James Bowdoin, 1780 November 6; Boston.

Acknowledges membership in the Academy. Encloses compiled list of rules of other learned societies.

Creator:  Mather, Samuel, 1706-1785; Charter Member
Related documents:  Volume 01, p. 6

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Transcription

Page 01-07v

Letter from Benjamin Guild to Ezra Stiles, 1780; Killingworth, [CT?].

Gives opinion of pending action by state of Vermont; encloses copy of Dr. Elliott's essay on sand; letter forwarded by Ezra Stiles to James Bowdoin.

Creator:  Guild, Benjamin, 1749-1792; Charter Member

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Page 01-08

Letter from Ezra Stiles to James Bowdoin, 1780 November 22; Yale College.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1781 January 31.

Requests copy of Academy Charter for use in forming similar society in Connecticut; forwards tract on sand iron for Caleb Gannett; nominates two men for election to Academy.

Creator:  Stiles, Ezra, 1727-1795; Elected 1781
Related documents:  Volume 01, p. 8

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Transcription

Page 01-08

Letter from James Bowdoin to Ezra Stiles, 1780 November 30; Boston.

Agrees to send copy of Academy "State Act Incorporation;" will communicate Stiles' nomination to two new members; wishes success for new organization.

Creator:  Bowdoin, James, 1726-1790; Charter Member
Related documents:  Volume 01, p. 8

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Page 01-09

Letter from Ebenezer Hazard to James Bowdoin, 1781 February 23; Jamaica Plain.

Acknowledges election to the Academy. Corrects identification of mineral specimen sent earlier.

Creator:  Hazard, Ebenezer, 1744-1817; Elected 1781

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Page 01-10

Letter from General Court of Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 1781 July 6.

Authorizes payment from Commonwealth treasury of sum not exceeding £300 to be administered by Academy for employment of Benjamin Dudley .

Creator:  Massachusetts. General Court

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Page 01-11

Letter from Richard Price to [Joseph Willard], 1781 July 21; London.

Has passed on information about founding of Academy to learned societies in Britain; sends news of scientific work of Herschel and Priestley.
Note:  Marked "Duplicate".

Related documents:  Unbound Correspondence

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Transcription

Page 01-12

Letter from James Winthrop to Joseph Willard, 1781 October 17; Harvard College.

Requests release from duties as Academy's Cabinet Keeper.

Creator:  Winthrop, James, 1752-1821; Charter Member

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Page 01-13

Letter from [James Bowdoin] to Ebenezer Storer, 1781 September 28.

Concerning Academy financial matters.

Creator:  [Bowdoin, James, 1726-1790]; Charter Member

Image:  /archive/images/001014.001.jpg

Page 01-14

Letter from William Phips to Stephen Sewall, 1782 February 7; Ward, Massachusetts.

Encloses ode to the Academy in honor of Stephen Sewall being elected.

Creator:  Phips, William

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Page 01-14e

Letter from William Phips to Stephen Sewall, 1782 February 7; Ward, Massachusetts.

"On the American Academy of Sciences lately erected / An Ode;" signed "Humbly inscribed by Philotechnus".

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Page 01-15

Letter from Benjamin Lincoln to Corresponding Secretary of the Academy, 1782 May 27; Philadelphia.

Offers to send account of patient in the Continental Hospital.

Creator:  Lincoln, Benjamin, 1733-1810; Elected 1781

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Page 01-16

Letter from Edward Wigglesworth to James Bowdoin, 1782 May 28; Cambridge.

Acknowledges election to the Academy Council, but is unable to participate in Academy activities because of ill health.

Creator:  Wigglesworth, Edward, 1732-1794; Charter Member

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Page 01-18

Letter from Samuel Mather to James Bowdoin, 1783 January 14; Boston.

Describes mottos and seals of other learned societies.

Creator:  Mather, Samuel, 1706-1785; Charter Member

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Page 01-19

Letter from Daniel Fuller to Manasseh Cutler, 1783 August 15; Gloucester.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1783 Aug 20.

Offers "utensils of the Aborigenes;" describes in detail.

Creator:  Fuller, Daniel

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Page 01-20

Letter from [Jean Feron] to Academy, 1783 September 21; Boston.

Offers essay and volumes for Academy library.

Author elected 1786, FHM

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Page 01-21

Letter from Ebenezer Hazard to Benjamin Guild, 1784 March 2; Philadelphia.

Offers support for new Academy publication (Memoirs); will present subscription list to members of the American Philosophical Society.

Creator:  Hazard, Ebenezar, 1744-1817; Elected 1781

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Page 01-21v

Letter from [Elbridge Gerry] to Benjamin Guild, undated.

Wrapper for letter dated 1784 Mar 8 from Elbridge Gerry to Benjamin Guild [follows].

Creator:  Gerry, Elbridge, 1744-1814

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Page 01-22

Letter from Elbridge Gerry to Benjamin Guild, 1784 March 8; Annapolis.

Presents strategy for promoting new Academy publication to members of Congress; also signed by Samuel Osgood.

Creator:  Gerry, Elbridge, 1744-1814; Elected 1781

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Page 01-23

Letter from Benjamin West to Benjamin Guild, 1784 March 26; Providence.

Concerning subscriptions to first volume of Transactions (i.e. Memoirs).

Creator:  West, Benjamin, 1730-1813; Elected 1781

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Page 01-24

Letter from Bennett Wheeler to Caleb Gannett, 1784 April 23; Providence.

Thanks Academy for actions at its April 1 stated meeting.
Note: Wheeler had offered "use of his Paper to publish any advertisements gratis" [was printer in Providence]. Wheeler’s first letter of January 2 is pasted out of sequence in volume; see below, page 27.

Creator:  Wheeler, Bennett, 1756-1806

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Page 01-25

Letter from Manasseh Cutler to Edward Holyoke, 1784 May 3; Ipswich.

Concerned about delay in call for subscriptions for Memoirs.

Creator:  Cutler, Manasseh, 1742-1823; Elected 1781

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Page 01-26

Letter from Noah Webster Jr. to James Bowdoin, 1784 June 8; Boston.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1784 Aug 25.

Forwards copies of Grammars; solicits "impartial & severe criticisms" from Academy members.

Creator:  Webster, Noah, 1758-1843; Elected 1799

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Page 01-26v

Letter from Noble Everett to Manasseh Cutler, 1784 July 19; Cambridge.

Encloses account of parhelias.

Creator:  Everett, Noble, 1747-1819

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Page 01-27

Letter from Bennett Wheeler to Caleb Gannett, 1784 January 2; Providence.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1784 January 28.

Sends one of his new publications; offers use of his Paper to publish any Academy advertisements gratis .

Creator:  Wheeler, Bennett, 1756-1806

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Page 01-27v

Letter from Benjamin West to Benjamin Guild (?), 1784 July 16; Providence.

Sends subscription list for first volume of Academy Transactions (i.e. Memoirs).

Creator:  West, Benjamin, 1730-1813; Elected 1781

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Page 01-28

Letter from Manasseh Cutler to Benjamin Guild, 1784 September 13; Ipswich.

Hopes for careful corrections of errors before final text given to printer [of Memoirs] .

Creator:  Cutler, Manasseh, 1742-1823; Elected 1781

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Page 01-29

Letter from Manasseh Cutler to Benjamin Guild, 1784 November 15; Ipswich.

Concerning total number of copies to have printed of first volume of Memoirs.

Creator:  Cutler, Manasseh, 1742-1823; Elected 1781

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Page 01-30

Letter from Jonathan Jackson to Caleb Gannett, 1785 January 26; Boston.

Presents 3-volume set of "Captain Cook's Last Voyage" for Academy library.
Note: May be James Cook, A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean… London, G. Nicol and T. Cadell, 1785 (3 vols.).

Creator:  Jackson, Jonathan, 1743-1810; Charter Member

Image:  /archive/images/001035.001.jpg

Page 01-31

Letter from Jeremy Belknap to Joseph Willard, 1785 March 25; Dover, [New Hampshire].

Acknowledges election to the Academy. Sends new table of mortality for Dover. Arranges for one of his books to be presented to Academy.

Creator:  Belknap, Jeremy, 1744-1798; Elected 1785

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Page 01-32

Letter from John Norman to James Bowdoin, 1785 May 23; Boston.

As engravers of the Accurate Map of the Four New-England States, send copy of map as gift to Academy .
Note: pages 3 and 4 are a small folded section with writing on one side, page 4.

Creator:  Norman, John, 1748?-1817; Coles, John

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Page 01-33

Letter from Manasseh Cutler to Benjamin Guild, 1785 September 21; Ipswich.

Describes in great detail his plan for promoting agriculture in the state, as requested of members of the Academy committee; see next document (p. 34) for formal proposal.

Creator:  Cutler, Manasseh, 1742-1823; Elected 1781
Related documents:  Volume 1, p. 34

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Page 01-34

Letter from Manasseh Cutler, [1785 September].

Formal proposal for establishing corporation to promote agriculture in state of Massachusetts; see letter above (p. 33).

Creator:  Cutler, Manasseh, 1742-1823; Elected 1781
Related documents:  Volume 1, p. 33

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Page 01-35

Letter from [anonymous] to Academy, [1785].
Read at Stated Meeting, 1785 November 9.

Poem, addressed "To the American Academy of Arts and Sciences;" read at Academy meeting Nov. 9, 1785 by Dr. Willard.

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Page 01-36

Letter from Samuel West to James Bowdoin, 1785 December 7; Dartmouth.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1786 January 26.

Lists reasons for continuing membership in Academy; hopes for advice and support for his investigation into extracting fresh water from salt .

Creator:  West, Samuel, 1730-1807; Charter Member

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Page 01-36v

Letter from Manasseh Cutler to Benjamin Guild, 1785 December 9; Ipswich.

Concerning publication of bills of mortality.

Creator:  Cutler, Manasseh, 1742-1823; Elected 1781

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Page 01-37

Letter from Manasseh Cutler to Benjamin Guild, 1785 December 12; Ipswich.

Concerning publication of bills of mortality.

Creator:  Cutler, Manasseh, 1742-1823; Elected 1781

Image:  /archive/images/001043.001.jpg
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Page 01-38

Letter from Manasseh Cutler to Benjamin Guild, 1785 December 23; Ipswich.

Concerning negotiations with printer of first volume of Memoirs; publication of bills of mortality.

Creator:  Cutler, Manasseh, 1742-1823; Elected 1781

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Page 01-39

Letter from Manasseh Cutler to Benjamin Guild, 1785 December 29; Ipswich.

On politics of including names of committee members in various Academy communications.

Creator:  Cutler, Manasseh, 1742-1823; Elected 1781

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Page 01-44

Letter from Jonathan Williams to James Bowdoin, 1786 January 3; Boston.

Offers two volumes containing description of aerostatic experiments, for Academy library.
Note: The fold falls across some of the writing on page 1.

Creator:  Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815

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Page 01-45

Letter from Allen & Cushing [printers, Charlestown, Massachusetts] to Caleb Gannett, 1786 January 17; Charlestown.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1786 January 26.

Offers [weekly] paper to Academy.

Creator:  Allen & Cushing

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Page 01-45v

Letter from Edward Wigglesworth to James Bowdoin, 1786 January 24; Cambridge.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1786 January 26.

Concerning a set of meteorological instruments presented to [Harvard]; suggests that Academy request copies of observations.

Creator:  Wigglesworth, Edward, 1732-1794; Charter Member

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Page 01-46

Letter from Edward Wigglesworth to Benjamin Guild, 1786 January 24; Cambridge.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1786 January 26.

Concerning data for compiling bills of mortality.

Creator:  Wigglesworth, Edward, 1732-1794; Charter Member

Image:  /archive/images/001053.001.jpg
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Page 01-47

Letter from Samuel Hale to Joseph Willard, 1786 March 6; Portsmouth.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1786 May 30.

Offers observations on raising of winter wheat; suggests specific titles for Academy library.

Creator:  Hale, Samuel, 1718-1807; Elected 1784

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Page 01-48

Letter from John Jones Spooner to James Bowdoin, 1786 March 10; Roxbury Hill.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1786 May 30.

Offers volumes on agriculture and manufacture for Academy library.

Creator:  Spooner, John Jones, 1757-1799; Elected 1786

Image:  /archive/images/001055.001.jpg

Page 01-49

Letter from Charles Storer to Caleb Gannett, 1786 May 10; Boston.

Presents samples of stones from Giant's Causeway in Ireland, collected with Mr. William Smith.
Note: Refers to Giants Causeway, County Antrim, Northern Ireland.

Creator:  Storer, Charles

Image:  /archive/images/001056.001.jpg

Page 01-50

Letter from John Jeffries to Academy, 1786 May 18; London.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1786 August 23.

Presents perfected copy of his manuscript on his aerostatic experiments to replace imperfect copy read at Academy meeting.

Creator:  Jeffries, John, 1745-1819
Related documents:  Letterbooks Volume 01, p. 50

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Page 01-51

Letter from John Coles & Company to James Bowdoin, 1786 May 30; Boston.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1786 May 30.

Presents specimen of a newly-published map; hopes for the endorsement of the Academy.

Creator:  John Coles & Company [engravers, Boston}

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Page 01-52

Letter from William Fisk to James Winthrop, 1786 July 4; Waltham.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1786 August 23.

Presents collection of Indian utensils for the Academy Cabinet.

Creator:  Fisk, William

Image:  /archive/images/001059.001.jpg

Page 01-53

Letter from William Hickling to Caleb Gannett, 1786 July 15; Boston.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1786 August 23.

Offers unspecified item to Academy.
Note: Item described in Academy minutes as "a piece of Asiatic coin".

Image:  /archive/images/001060.001.jpg

Page 01-54

Letter from Jonathan Williams to James Bowdoin, 1786 July 15.

Forwards Dr. Jeffries' narrative and his letter to Academy.

Creator:  Williams, Jonathan, 1750-1815
Related documents:  Letterbooks Volume 01, p. 50

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Page 01-55

Letter from John Adams to James Bowdoin, 1786 August 1; London.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1787 January 31.

Concerning Captain Stanhope; transmits copy of Price's Treatise on Minerals as gift to Academy from Thomas Brand Hollis.
Note: Book is most likely William Pryce's Mineralogia Cornubiensis; a Treatise on Minerals, Mines, and Mining (London, 1778).

Creator:  Adams, John, 1735-1826; Charter Member

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Page 01-56

Letter from John Adams to James Bowdoin, 1786 September 11; Grosvenor Square.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1787 January 31.

Forwards packet from Dr. Jon. Dryander [regarding publication exchange with the Royal Society].
Note: Identified in the Academy minutes as Jonas Dryander, Librarian of the Royal Society.

Creator:  Adams, John, 1735-1826; Charter Member

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Page 01-57

Letter from John Adams to James Bowdoin, 1786 October 15; London.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1787 January 31.

Forwards letter and sketch from John Singleton Copley; repeats Copley's comment that as "the Artists who engraved the Plates for the Academy, he thinks have failed in Perspective a fault that I suppose is easily corrected".
Note: Sketch has not been located.

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Page 01-58

Letter from John Singleton Copley to John Adams, 1786 October 15; Hanover Square, [London].
Read at Stated Meeting, 1787 January 31.

Thanks for loan of the first volume of the Academy Memoirs; gives his opinion of the quality of the volume's plates (see letter on page 57, above).

Creator:  Copley, John Singleton, 1738-1815; Elected 1791, FHM

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Page 01-59

Letter from Amos Windship to James Bowdoin, 1787 October 19; Boston.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1787 November 14.

Presents package of books on behalf of his friend, Dr. John Coakley Lettsom; lists titles.

Creator:  Windship, Amos, 1745-1813

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Page 01-60

Letter from Benjamin Waterhouse to [Academy], 1787 October 20; Cambridge.

Presents volume on small-pox on behalf of Dr. Haygarth; discusses history of smallpox. Wishes to peruse letter from Samuel Mather to Academy on "origin of inoculation in N England".

Creator:  Waterhouse, Benjamin, 1754-1846; Elected 1795
Related documents:  Communications to the Academy (bound), Vol. 1, p. 30

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Page 01-61

Letter from Mrs. [Mary] Pelham to [Academy], 1787 November 1; Boston.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1787 November 14.

On behalf of her son, Henry Pelham, sends a "plan of the County of Clare in Ireland and a print of the finding of Moses".
Note: Henry Pelham was a half-brother of John Singleton Copley (Mrs. Pelham was their mother). He is the subject of Copley’s "Boy with a Squirrel."

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Page 01-62

Letter from Joseph Pope to James Bowdoin, 1788 January 22; Boston.

Presents copies of his remarks on the powers of Attraction & Impulsion, and observations on the increase of the Equatorial diameter.

Creator:  Pope, Joseph, b. 1750; Elected 1788

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Page 01-63

Letter from Jean Paul Marat to [James Bowdoin], 1788 February 8; Paris.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1788 November 12.

Encourages Academy to examine his treatise on Newton's theory of optics.

Creator:  Marat, Jean Paul, 1743-1793
Language:  French

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Page 01-64

Letter from Timothy Langdon to Joseph Willard, 1788 March 3; Pownelboro, [Maine].

Offers a coin discovered along the Kennebec River.
Note: Listed as Timothy Langdon in minutes.

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Page 01-65

Letter from Isaiah Thomas to James Bowdoin, 1788 April 28; Worcester.

Offers books that he published, including one "dedicated to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences" (Perry's Royal Standard pronouncing dictionary); also sends specimen of his printing types.

Creator:  Thomas, Isaiah, 1749-1831

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Page 01-66

Letter from Bath and West of England Society; William Matthews to Joseph Willard, 1788 August 1; Bath, [England].

Thanks for first volume of Memoirs; sends four volumes of the Bath Agricultural Papers.

Creator:  Bath and West of England Society ; Matthews, William

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Page 01-67

Letter from George Richards Minot to James Bowdoin, 1788 November 1; Boston.

Sends copies of his book The History of the Insurrections in Massachusetts, in the Year 1786, and the Rebellion Consequent Thereon.

Creator:  Minot, George Richards, 1758-1802; Elected 1789

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Page 01-68

Letter from Edward Holyoke to James Bowdoin, 1788 November 29; Salem.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1789 January 28.

Describes his method of determining bearing of Boston from Salem, tested during last great fire in Boston; proposes that Academy form committee to collect information to produce accurate map of Massachusetts.

Creator:  Holyoke, Edward Augustus, 1728-1829; Charter Member

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Page 01-69

Letter from Medical Society of New-Haven County, Committee of Correspondence to James Bowdoin, 1788 November 29; New Haven.

Sends first volume of their publication [Cases and Observations]; on behalf of organization, requests exchange of publications; signed by Leverett Hubbard, Eneas Munson, Ebenezer Beardsley, Jared Potter, Saml Nesbitt.

Creator:  Medical Society of New-haven County

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Page 01-70

Letter from Medical Society of London; William Chamberlaine to Joseph Willard, 1789 February 23; London.

Sends thanks for first volume of Memoirs; sends as gift first two volumes of the Medical Society's Memoirs.

Creator:  Medical Society of London ; Chamberlaine, William, fl. 1784-1832

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Page 01-71

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Page 01-72

Letter from Jonathan Stokes to Joseph Willard, 1789 March 9; Kidderminster, [England].

Acknowledges election to the Academy.

Creator:  Stokes, Jonathan, 1755-1832; Elected 1788, FHM

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Page 01-73

Letter from Isaiah Thomas to Joseph Willard, 1789 April 2; Boston.

Sends first three volumes of the Massachusetts Magazine; offers to continue sending volumes as issued.

Creator:  Thomas, Isaiah, 1749-1831

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Page 01-73v

Letter from John Coakley Lettsom to Joseph Willard, [1789 March 7].

Wrapper for letter on p. 74 (follows).

Creator:  Lettsom, John Coakley, 1744-1815; Elected 1788, FHM

Image:  /archive/images/001081.001.jpg

Page 01-74

Letter from John Coakley Lettsom to Joseph Willard, 1789 March 7; London.

Acknowledges election to the Academy. Describes rich mineral resources of new country; forwards publications.

Creator:  Lettsom, John Coakley, 1744-1815; Elected 1788, FHM

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Page 01-74v

Letter from T. Huiberts [of Baltimore], 1789 July 20; Amsterdam.

Forwards letter from Baron von Hupsch, an acquaintance from Cologne (see next item).
Related documents:  Volume 01, pp. 75-76

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Page 01-75

Letter from Johann Wilhelm Karl Adolph Hupsch (Hupsch-Lontzen), Freiherr von, 1789 April 23; Cologne.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1789 November 11.

Forwards publications [on natural history]; offers potential exchange of information and specimens.

Creator:  Hupsch (Hupsch-Lontzen), Johann Wilhelm Karl Adolph, Freiherr von, 1730-1805; Elected 1790, FHM
Related documents:  Volume 01, pp. 74v, 76

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Page 01-76

Letter from Johann Wilhelm Karl Adolph Hupsch (Hupsch-Lontzen), Freiherr von to [Academy], 1789 April 23; Cologne sur le Rhin.

Printed letter seeking exchanges of information and specimens on natural history.
Note: Printed document with ms annotations.

Creator:  Hupsch (Hupsch-Lontzen), Johann Wilhelm Karl Adolph, Freiherr von
Language:  French
Related documents:  Volume 01, pp. 74v, 75

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Page 01-77

Letter from Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce; Sam[uel] More to Thomas Brand Hollis, 1789 May 12; Adelphi.

Concerning exchange of publications with Academy.

Creator:  Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce

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Page 01-78

Letter from Nicolas Pike to Joseph Willard, 1789 May 30; Newbury Port, [MA].

Offers copy of an English and Persian dictionary.

Creator:  Pike, Nicolas, 1743-1819; Elected 1788

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Page 01-79

Letter from John Eliot to Eliphalet Pearson, 1789 June 21; Boston.

Declines membership; offers antique coins from his collection.

Creator:  Eliot, John, 1754-1813 (?)

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Page 01-80

Letter from John Adams to Eliphalet Pearson, 1789 June 26; Richmond Hill, New York.

Agrees to deliver letters notifying election to Academy to the Duke D'Almodavar and the Marquis De Santa Cruz, through his friend Don Diego De Gardoqui.
Note: Refers to Pedro Francisco Jimenez de Gongora Y Lujan, Duque de Almodovar del Rio; and the Marquis de Santa Cruz, both elected as FHMs from Spain, 1789.

Creator:  Adams, John, 1735-1826; Charter Member

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Page 01-81

Letter from Isaiah Thomas to Caleb Gannett, 1789 August 12; Boston.

Presents copy of Mechanical Machines and Implements of Husbandry.
Note: May refer to William Bailey's One Hundred and Six Copper Plates of Mechanical Machines and Implements of Husbandry, London, 1782.

Creator:  Thomas, Isaiah, 1749-1831

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Page 01-82

Letter from Nathaniel Appleton to Eliphalet Pearson, 1789 August 19; Boston.

Repeats acknowledgement of his election to Academy; presents on behalf of Noah Webster copy of Dissertations on the English Language.
Note: Printed by Isaiah Thomas, Boston, [1789].

Creator:  Appleton, Nathaniel Walker, 1755-1795; Elected 1789

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Page 01-83

Letter from Samuel Williams to Caleb Gannett, 1789 August 26.

Is unable to communicate essay on heat, by Mr. Webber, to the Academy.

Creator:  Williams, Samuel, 1743-1817; Charter Member

Image:  /archive/images/001092.001.jpg

Page 01-84

Letter from Charles Hutton to Joseph Willard, 1789 September 5; Woolwich, [England].

Acknowledges election to the Academy. Forwards copies of his publications on mathematics.

Creator:  Hutton, Charles, 1737-1823; Elected 1788, FHM

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Page 01-85

Letter from Benjamin West to Caleb Gannett, 1789 September 14; Providence.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1789 November 11.

Nominates Dr. Solomon Drowne for membership.
Note: Solomon Drowne was elected in 1790.

Creator:  West, Benjamin, 1730-1813; Elected 1781

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Page 01-86

Letter from George Erving to James Bowdoin, 1790 February 2; [London].

Extracts from two letters from George Erving to James Bowdoin, 4 Nov 1789 and 8 Feb 1790, concerning exchange of publications with the Royal Society.

Creator:  Erving, George, 1738-1806; Elected 1790, FHM

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Page 01-87

Letter from Manasseh Cutler to Eliphalet Pearson, 1789 December 20; Ipswich.

Gives his opinion on merits of exchanging natural history specimens with Baron de Hupsch.

Creator:  Cutler, Manasseh, 1742-1823; Elected 1781
Related documents:  Volume 01, pp. 74v-76

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Page 01-87v

Letter from [John Cranch], [1790 February 24]; London.

Return address cut from wrapper of letter on following page (p. 88).
Related documents:  Letterbook Volume 01, p. 88

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Page 01-88

Letter from John Cranch to Eliphalet Pearson, 1790 February 24; London.

Forwards treatise; speculates on location and purpose of Academy; discusses friendship with John and Abigail Adams; passes on message to John Trumbull.

Creator:  Cranch, John, 1751-1821; Elected 1791, FHM
Related documents:  Letterbook Volume 01, p. 87v

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Page 01-89

Letter from Thomas Percival to Eliphalet Pearson, 1790 March 15; Manchester, [England].

Acknowledges election to the Academy. Discusses recent medical reports published in the Memoirs of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Manchester.

Creator:  Percival, Thomas, 1740-1804; Elected 1789, FHM

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Page 01-90

Letter from Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford to Eliphalet Pearson, 1790 May 24; Munich.

Acknowledges election to the Academy. Explains his late response.

Creator:  Rumford, Benjamin, Graf von, 1753-1814; Elected 1789, FHM

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Page 01-91

Letter from Henry Hill to American Philosophical Society Established in New England, 1790 June 10; Philadelphia.

As executor of estate of Benjamin Franklin, forwards set of books left to Academy.
Note: Refers to Franklin's "Collection in Folio of Les Arts and Les Metiers".

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Page 01-92

Letter from Bath and West of England Society; William Matthews to Secretary of the American Academy, 1790 June 10; Bath, [England].

Forwards publications of Bath and West Society; desires continued exchanges of publications.

Creator:  Bath and West of England Society

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Page 01-93

Letter from Solomon Drown to Eliphalet Pearson, 1790 June 23; Providence.

Acknowledges election to the Academy. Regrets recent loss of newly-elected member John Howard of London (FHM, 1790).

Creator:  Drown, Solomon, 1753-1854; Elected 1790

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Page 01-94

Letter from Charles William Frederick Dumas to Eliphalet Pearson, 1790 July 4; La Haie [The Hague, Netherlands].

Acknowledges election to the Academy.

Creator:  Dumas, Charles William Frederick, 1721-1796; Elected 1789, FHM

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Page 01-95

Letter from Charles Blagden, 1790 July 8; London.

Acknowledges election to the Academy.

Creator:  Blagden, Charles, 1748-1820; Elected 1789, FHM

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Page 01-96

Death announcement, 1790 July 10 [after]; Stockholm.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1791 June 28.

Announces the death of Peter Jonas Bergius (1730-1790; FHM, 1785).
Note: Printed document.

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Page 01-97

Letter from Stephen Sewall to James Bowdoin, 1790 July 12; Cambridge.

Forwards letter, with synopsis, from Dr. Stiles to the Academy, proposing "to stir up a general Inquiry & Examination on Rocks & Stones, &c. &c. illustrative of the Antiquities of America".

Creator:  Sewall, Stephen, 1734-1804; Charter Member

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Page 01-98

Letter from John Fenno to James Bowdoin, 1790 July 24; New York.

Forwards two volumes of the Gazette of the United States, one for Academy and one for Library of Harvard University.

Creator:  Fenno, John, 1751-1798

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Page 01-99

Letter from John Lathrop to Eliphalet Pearson, 1790 September 15; Boston.

Acknowledges election to the Academy.
Note: Name also spelled "Lothrop".

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Page 01-100

Letter from Thomas & Andrews [printers, Boston] to [Academy], 1791 January; Boston.

Offers their publication, the Massachusetts Magazine, as place to publish articles [between volumes of Memoirs].
Note: First issue of the Massachusetts Magazine published Jan. 1789, by Isaiah Thomas and Ebenezer T. Andrews.

Creator:  Thomas & Andrews

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Page 01-100v

Extract of portion of James Bowdoin’s Will pertaining to his library, [1790].

Extract, in unknown hand, of portion of James Bowdoin's Will pertaining to his library.
Note:  Bowdoin's library was bequeathed to the Academy.

Creator:  [Bowdoin, James, 1726-1790]; Charter Member
Related documents:  Letterbook Volume 01, p. 101

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Page 01-101

Letter from James Bowdoin III to Joseph Willard, 1791 January 17; Boston.

Informs Academy of bequest of his father, James Bowdoin.

Creator:  Bowdoin, James, 1752-1811; Elected 1786
Related documents:  Letterbook Volume 01, p. 100v

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Page 01-102

Letter from George Erving to Webb [sic] [Samuel Webber], 1791 February 28; London.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1791 May 17.

Acknowledges election to the Academy.

Creator:  Erving, George, 1738-1806; Elected 1790, FHM

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Page 01-103

Letter from Thomas Boutineau to Philosophical Society in Boston, 1791 June 11; Point Peter Guadalupe.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1791 August 24.

Sends natural history specimens (petrified worms, a lemon); describes his discovery of them.
Note: Annotated in pencil: Not to print.

Creator:  Boutineau, Thomas

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Page 01-104

Letter from Samuel L. Mitchill, 1791 June 16; Long Island.

Forwards copy of "Henry Stevens's edition of Diogenes Laertius, commented upon by Isaac Causabon; together with the biographical Books of Hesychius and Eunapius, illustrated by Hadrian Junius".

Creator:  Mitchill, Samuel L. (Samuel Latham), 1764-1831; Elected 1797

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Page 01-105

Letter from Thomas Brand Hollis to Eliphalet Pearson, 1791 June 18; Chesterfield Street.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1791 November 9.

Comments on "renovation" of France and America; sends unspecified portfolio and "a roll of prints".
Note: Also refers to work of Thomas Hollis.

Creator:  Hollis, Thomas Brand, 1719-1804; Elected 1782, FHM

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Page 01-106

Letter from Samuel Moody to John Clarke, 1791 July 1; York.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1791 August 24.

Creator:  Moody, Samuel, 1726-1795; Charter Member

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Page 01-107

Letter from Nicolas Pike to John Clarke, 1791 July 1; Newbury.

Assures Clarke that he did acknowledge election to Academy, at the time of his election.
Note: No record on file.

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Page 01-108

Letter from Jean-Rodolphe Vautravers, 1791 July 3; Rotterdam.

Presents compliments to Academy; sends last volume of Arthur Young's Annals of Agriculture.
Note: Refers to serial publication Annals of Agriculture and Other Useful Arts, London, 1784- 1814.

Creator:  Vautravers, Jean-Rodolphe, b. 1723

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Page 01-109

Letter from John Adams to Elijah Lothrop (Librarian), 1791 August 1; Braintree.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1791 August 24.

Forwards for Academy library box of books containing "the Byzantine History in 28 vols. and Muratori's Collection in 29".
Note: Refers to Byzantinae Historiae Scriptores (1729), and L.A. Muratori’s Rerum Italicarum Scriptores...(1723-1751).

Creator:  Adams, John, 1735-1826; Charter Member

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Page 01-110

Letter from Samuel L. Mitchill to John Adams, 1791 August 17; Albany [NY].

Forwards two volumes for Academy: a Welch dictionary, and "Lauder's Essay on Milton's Imitation of the Moderns in his Paradise Lost;" offers opinion of potential value of books for the Academy.
Note: Refers to William Lauder's "An Essay on Milton’s Use and Imitation of the Moderns in his Paradise Lost" (1750).

Creator:  Mitchill, Samuel L. (Samuel Latham), 1764-1831; Elected 1797

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Page 01-111

Letter from William Paine to Eliphalet Pearson, 1791 September 3; Salem.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1791 November 9.

Creator:  Paine, William, 1750-1833; Elected 1791

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Page 01-112

Letter from Samuel Dexter to Eliphalet Pearson, 1791 September 5; Weston.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1791 November 9.

Acknowledges election to the Academy. Explains current status of his subscription to the Academy's Memoirs.

Creator:  Dexter, Samuel, 1726-1810; Elected 1791

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Page 01-113

Letter from Charles Bulfinch to Eliphalet Pearson, 1791 September 6; Boston.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1791 November 9.

Acknowledges election to the Academy.

Creator:  Bulfinch, Charles, 1763-1844; Elected 1791

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Page 01-114

Letter from John Jay to Eliphalet Pearson, 1791 September 19; N York.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1791 November 9.

Acknowledges receipt of and comments on Judge Lowell's eulogy of James Bowdoin.

Creator:  Jay, John, 1745-1829; Elected 1790

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Page 01-115

Letter from Alexander Hamilton to Eliphalet Pearson, 1791 September 24; Philadelphia.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1791 November 9.

Acknowledges election to the Academy.

Creator:  Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804; Elected 1791

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Page 01-116

Letter from James Warren to Ebenezer Storer, 1791 October 1; Plymouth.

Declines to pay Academy taxes because of recent inactivity; resigns membership.

Creator:  Warren, James, 1726-1808; Charter Member

Image:  /archive/images/001127.001.jpg

Page 01-117

Letter from John Trumbull to Eliphalet Pearson, 1791 October 1; Hartford, [CT].
Read at Stated Meeting, 1791 November 9.

Acknowledges election to the Academy.
Note: There were two men named John Trumbull who were elected in 1791; this gentleman was a writer, lawyer, and state official from Hartford, CT.

Creator:  Trumbull, John, 1750-1831; Elected 1791

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Page 01-118

Letter from Theodore Sedgwick to Ebenezer Storer, 1791 October 8; Stockbridge.

Responds to Storer's apparent request [not present] to affirm his intention to remain a member of the Academy and to pay his delinquent Academy assessment.

Creator:  Sedgwick, Theodore, 1746-1813; Charter Member

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Page 01-119

Letter from John Trumbull to Eliphalet Pearson, 1791 October 10; Lebanon, [CT].
Read at Stated Meeting, 1791 November 9.

Acknowledges election to the Academy.
Note: There were two men named John Trumbull who were elected in 1791; this gentleman was a painter and businessman from Lebanon, CT.

Creator:  Trumbull, John, 1756-1843; Elected 1791

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Page 01-120

Letter from Samuel West to Ebenezer Storer, 1791 October 17; New Bedford.

Responds to Storer's apparent request [not present] to affirm his intention to remain a member of the Academy and to pay his delinquent Academy assessment.

Creator:  West, Samuel, 1730-1807; Charter Member

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Page 01-121

Letter from John Pickering to Eliphalet Pearson, 1791 October 24; Portsmouth, [NH].
Read at Stated Meeting, 1791 November 9.

Acknowledges election to the Academy.

Creator:  Pickering, John, 1737-1805; Elected 1791

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Page 01-122

Letter from Samuel Tenney to Eliphalet Pearson, 1791 November 12; Exeter.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1792 February 29.

Acknowledges election to the Academy.

Creator:  Tenney, Samuel, 1748-1816; Elected 1791

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Page 01-123

Letter from George Washington to Eliphalet Pearson, 1791 November 14; Philadelphia.

Thanks for copy of eulogy of James Bowdoin.

Creator:  Washington, George, 1732-1799; Elected 1781

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Page 01-124

Letter from Isaac Story to Eliphalet Pearson, 1791 December 15; Marblehead.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1792 February 29.

Apologizes for treatment of object he sent to the Academy.
Note: Gift described in minutes as the "upper shell of a curious fish".

Creator:  Story, Isaac, 1749-1816 (?)

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Page 01-125

Letter from Peres Fobes to Ebenezer Storer, 1791 December 20; Raynham.

Responds to Storer's apparent request [not present] to affirm his intention to remain a member of the Academy and to pay his delinquent Academy assessment.
Note: Letter addressed to "Deacon Storah".

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Page 01-126

Letter from Thomas Jefferson to Eliphalet Pearson, 1791 December 22; Philadelphia.
Read at Stated Meeting, 1792 February 29.

Thanks for copy of eulogy of James Bowdoin; regrets inability to participate more in Academy affairs.

Creator:  Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826; Elected 1787

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Page 01-[127]

Alphabetical index to letters.

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