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American Institutions and the Public Good — Projects

The Academy’s projects in this topic area from the 1950s through today area are available for viewing below. They are listed alphabetically, with the project dates and descriptions.

Project launched from    thru     
Displaying records 1 through 25. Use the navigator buttons to see additional records.
Project Name ↑DateDescription
Broadening Perspectives on Homelessness

1990–1994 In 1990, the Academy co-sponsored an interdisciplinary symposium focused on trends in current scholarship on homelessness. The resulting publication critically examined the shortcomings of the research into the causes of homelessness and addressed barriers to remedying this social problem.
Business Opportunities and Social Needs

1981–1984 The Academy convened a group of academics and business leaders to explore the potential for and limits of an expanded role for corporations in addressing unmet social needs. The resulting study illuminated the complicated and controversial issues that arise from public-private collaboration.
The Challenge of Mass Incarceration in America

2008–2010 This study examines the scope of mass incarceration, its political significance, and its social impacts, weighing the concerns about crime control, rehabilitation, and more fundamental issues of social justice.
Challenges to Business in the 21st Century: The Way Forward

2009–2011 This project brings together educators and practitioners to explore ways to foster strong, ethical leadership skills in three arenas critical to American society: business, law, and the university.
Changing Patterns of Marriage and Its Alternatives

1979–1985 This project was initiated in response to the widespread recognition, in the late 1970s, that the institution of marriage was experiencing profound but poorly understood changes.
Commission on the Year 2000

1964–1971 The Academy initiated this study in 1964 to imagine the future and identify the problem areas and social and intellectual questions likely to be central by the year 2000.
Congress and Foreign Policy

1990–1993 This study brought together political scientists specializing in U.S. foreign policy and those studying Congress to examine the impact of Congress on U.S. conduct of foreign affairs.
Corporate Responsibility: Beyond Regulation

Chair(s): Martin Lipton, Jay Lorsch and Larry Sonsini

2002–2005 This project examined the factors underlying recent scandals at a number of American corporations. The project's publication, Restoring Trust in American Business, includes a set of recommendations for rebuilding the trust upon which the American system of capitalism depends.
Ethical Aspects of Experimentation on Human Subjects

1966–1970 With new surgical techniques, like heart transplants, becoming indispensable tools in prolonging human life, the issue of human experimentation became a matter of increasing public interest. The Academy created an interdisciplinary working group to study the ethics of human experimentation, and the working group’s papers were initially published in Dædalus in 1969.
Ethnic Pluralism and Public Policy

1980–1983 The Academy joined with the British Commission for Racial Equality and the Policy Studies Institute in London to compare and evaluate America’s and Britain’s policies toward eliminating discrimination and increasing opportunity for racial and cultural minorities.

1972–1975 In 1972, when the word “ethnicity” was first introduced to the Oxford English Dictionary, the Academy convened a conference with the goal of assessing this widespread phenomenon, which was becoming an important and explanatory factor in the political arena throughout the world.
The Fundamentalism Project

1987–1995 This Academy project is a major comparative study of anti-modernist, anti-secular militant religious movements on five continents and within seven world religious traditions.
The Future of the Automobile in the Urban Environment

1990–1993 The Academy designed this study to act as a roadmap for transportation policy-makers, students, and concerned citizens. Calling for changes in policies and social habits, the resulting report offered strategies to minimize and resolve the problems raised by the increasing use of automobiles in urban areas.
The Future of the Metropolis

1999–2001 Using Chicago as a case study, this study of the future of the American metropolis addressed the challenges facing metropolitan areas in spheres such as public transportation, land use and housing, governance and taxation, and economic well-being.
German and American Refugee and Migration Policies

1995–1998 German and American scholars met in three working groups to address admissions policy, absorption of immigrants, and policies that receiving and sending countries might adopt together to reduce the increasing numbers of refugees and migrants. This study resulted in five volumes comparing migration in the United States and Germany.
The History of Organizations for the Promotion of Learning in the United States

1972–1979 This project investigated the function and historical role of learned societies in advancing research and stimulating communication about scientific and scholarly ideas, not only within the intellectual community but among segments of the larger society.
Human Migration: Patterns, Implications and Policies

1976–1978 Human migration is a worldwide phenomenon, spanning every epoch and encompassing many peoples, but one that had not been much studied by scholars. Motivated by this gap in knowledge, the Academy organized a symposium to encourage cross-disciplinary exchange on the policies, patterns, and implications of migration over time, and across and within national borders.
Immigration Policies in France and the United States

1988–1992 This study compared France and the United States’ immigration policies, race relations, and political institutions. It looked at how both countries educate and house immigrants and analyzed the political and legal implications of integration, marginalization, and discrimination in each country .
The Independence of the Judiciary

Chair(s): Jesse Choper and Robert C. Post

2002–2008 This project examined the evolving relationship between Congress and the Supreme Court. Among other issues, it addressed the Supreme Court's increasing willingness to place constitutional limits on Congress' power to enact statutes; the judicial nomination and confirmation process; and questions of statutory interpretation.
Initiatives for Children

1991–2000 To address a deepening crisis in the lives of America’s children, the Academy organized a steering committee to explore how the Academy could increase the nation’s commitment to and investment in children.
Law 2000

1999–2002 In October 1999, a distinguished group of scholars from different disciplines was convened to assess the evolution of law over the previous hundred years. Each contributor was asked to write about a particular area of law, or a theme in law and legal scholarship, tracing developments and interrelated changes in the legal and the social order.
The Legal Cultures Project

1988–1996 This project examines the relationship between legal systems and the cultures in which they are embedded, with particular emphasis on the legal profession.
The Lincoln Project: Excellence and Access in Public Higher Education

Chair(s): Robert J. Birgeneau and Mary Sue Coleman

2013– Public colleges and universities are key engines of economic growth, innovation, and upward mobility. This project explores strategies to preserve the strength and diversity of institutions of higher education.
Love and Work in Adulthood

1977–1980 The Academy co-funded a conference at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University to explore emerging scholarly work on the social and psychological characteristics of adulthood as a distinct stage in the human life cycle.
Medical Education and Health Services to the Poor and Medically Underinsured

1991–1993 In the early 1990s, the Academy held a four-day conference to address America's crisis in health care spending and the idea of equitable and adequate health care for all. The edited report was distributed to health care leaders around the country.