ARISE II—Advancing Research In Science and Engineering: The Role of Academia, Industry, and Government in the 21st Century


Over the past six decades, advances in science and technology have boosted the U.S. economy, improved health care, and strengthened national security. Yet many of the institutional, federal, and industry policies that supported these important advances need to be re-thought in light of changes to the research ecosystem and increased pressure on research dollars.

Building on the Academy’s ARISE I study, which focused on early-career scientists and high-risk, high-reward research, ARISE II examined the role of three critical players in the U.S. research enterprise: academia, industry, and government. The project considered new models for interactions among these players and proposed changes to the research system in order to meet twenty-first-century challenges.

The ARISE II report includes actionable recommendations to transcend existing cultural and structural barriers and permit government, industry, and research universities to build new platforms for collaboration.

Video Briefing on ARISE II



Project Chairs
Project Members

Nancy C. Andrews

Boston Children's Hospital
Dean Emerita & Vice Chancellor Emerita; Nanaline H. Duke Professor
Academy Member

Malcolm Roy Beasley

Stanford University
Sidney and Theodore Rosenberg Professor Emeritus of Applied Physics
Academy Member

Edward J. Benz

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
President & CEO, Emeritus
Academy Member

David Botstein

Princeton University
Anthony B. Evnin '62 Professor of Genomics
Academy Member

Claude R. Canizares

Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Rossi Professor of Physics
Academy Member

Uma Chowdhry

E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company
Vice President, Retired
Academy Member

Alan Ezekowitz

Abide Therapeutics

Linda P.B. Katehi

University of California, Davis
Chancellor; Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Professor of Women and Gender Studies
Academy Member

Neal Francis Lane

Rice University
Malcolm Gillis University Professor Emeritus and Professor of Physics and Astronomy Emeritus
Academy Member

Eugene H. Levy

Joseph Boyd Martin

Harvard Medical School
Edward R. and Anne G. Lefler Professor of Neurobiology
Academy Member

Cherry A. Murray

University of Arizona
Professor of Physics, Director of Biosphere2 Institute
Academy Member

Gilbert S. Omenn

University of Michigan
Professor of Computational Medicine & Bioinformatics, Internal Medicine, Human Genetics, Public Health
Academy Member

David Domingo Sabatini

NYU Grossman School of Medicine
Frederick L. Ehrman Professor of Cell Biology and Chairperson, Dept. of Cell Biology
Academy Member

Randy W Schekman

Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Distinguished Professor
Academy Member

Samuel Osiah Thier

Massachusetts General Hospital
Professor of Medicine and Health Care Policy, Emeritus
Academy Member


News & Updates

News & Updates



Project Outcomes

Project Outcomes

Following the release of the ARISE II report, project participants held a briefing at The National Press Club to discuss project findings. The ARISE II report was endorsed by leaders in industry and research universities. Cochair Keith Yamamoto published an editorial in Science and Nancy Andrews and Venkatesh Narayanamurti contributed an article to Issues in Science and Technology discussing project findings. And cochairs Keith Yamamoto and Venkatesh Narayanamurti briefed the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) on ARISE II recommendations.

Statements of Support

Editorial in Science 

Article in Issues in Science and Technology

PCAST Briefing

Media Coverage